Australian researchers, who have been working on a stem cell therapy to reverse brain damage in infants to combat cerebral palsy, have reported some success with these techniques. According to the researchers in Melbourne, they have been able to stop, and even reverse, brain damage in baby lambs that had suffered brain injury.
Researchers from the Monash Institute of Medical Research are now planning an expansion of these cord blood studies to discover the type of stem cells that can be effective in helping reverse the damage.
Cerebral palsy is a condition which is caused by oxygen deprivation or a shortage of oxygen supply to the brain during birth. California birth injury lawyers find this condition is often caused due to a failure to perform a Cesarean-section in time to prevent brain damage.
According to the researchers, they found the stem cells in cord blood were able to inhibit swelling in the baby lambs’ brains after they had suffered a brain injury during birth. Not only that, but the stem cells were also able to reverse the brain damage that occurred. After 48 hours, the researchers saw significant improvements in these babies, and they believe over a period of time, the improvements will increase.
The experiment was conducted on 8 sheep who had suffered severe brain injury, and the researchers found 7 out of 8 had increased brain activity when they received the cord blood just a few hours after birth. After receiving the treatment, disabled lambs were able to walk and even run about.
Not all stem cells are the same. Some of them have the potential to repair other cells, while others prevent progress of an injury. The next part of the experiment will focus on determining which types of stem cells in the cord blood are most effective in helping reverse the brain damage, so that the researchers can only administer cord blood to the babies.