According to a new study published in the journal Pediatrics, major brain trauma that occurs during childhood can seriously impede the development of the child's cognitive abilities, motor skills and more - and the effects can be seen for up to ten years after the initial injury. The study, which tested the cognitive, social and behavioral responses of a group of 40 children between the ages of 2 and 7 who had suffered traumatic brain injuries, found that the greatest deficits were present in higher learning skills, such as organizing, planning and reasoning. Serious head injuries can be especially detrimental for young children because their brains have not yet fully developed, and significant damage can stunt nerve growth and alter the natural trajectory of the child's cognitive processes. Continued brain development, while possible with early intervention and supportive rehabilitation efforts, is unlikely to return to normal levels following serious brain trauma at a young age.

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